Both Saul and David were chosen by God and anointed as king by Samuel. Both prophesied, both sinned, and both confessed their sins; but David was accepted by God, and Saul was rejected.
Saul lived to serve men and feared the people; but David lived to serve God and feared the Lord.
Saul was prepared to make certain sacrifices for God, so long as they suited his supposed reputation; but David was willing to obey God even if it exposed all of his heart.
Saul’s ‘repentance’ covered his guilt in his own eyes; but David’s repentance restored his soul in God’s eyes.
Saul was God’s judgement upon His stubborn people, and he ruled from the palace of their approval; but David was God’s mercy, and he ruled from the hidden cave of true justice.*
Not everyone who says to Me, “Lord, Lord,” will enter into the kingdom of Heaven, but the ones who do the will of My Father in Heaven.
Many will say to Me in that day, “Lord, Lord, did we not prophesy in Your name, and in Your name cast out demons, and in Your name do many works of power?”
And then I will declare to them, “I never knew you; depart from Me, those working lawlessness!”
The gifts and callings of God are irrevocable (Rom 11:29); but a true relationship must be maintained with He who examines the heart. It is one thing to have just enough of an outward appearance so that the Lord can use you among those who are ignorant of Him; but it is another thing to walk even AS Jesus walked. He always did what He saw the Father doing. But truly doing the will of the Father requires having the very heart of the Father in the doing. And truly having the heart of the Father requires a purging of our idols.
“The fear of man layeth a snare…”
Saul was satisfied to have a heart after man; but David was a man after God’s heart.
Therefore Saul had power; but David had authority.
For am I now seeking the approval of man, or of God? Or am I trying to please man? If I were still trying to please man, I would not be a servant of Christ.
* “While David was on the run from king Saul, he hid in the cave of Adullam (1 Samuel 22:1), where he amassed quite a following… (2 Samuel 23:13-17). The prophet Micah mentions that the glory of Israel will enter Adullam… (Micah 1:15).”
“…for a meaning of the name Adullam, Alfred Jones reads The Justice Of The People. BDB Theological Dictionary, on the other hand, believes that Adullam came from עדל II and explains that this verb means to turn aside in the sense of to hide or seek refuge. Hence BDB translates the name Adullam with Retreat, Refuge. NOBSE Study Bible Name List appears to agree with BDB and reads a similar Refuge.”
– Taken from Abarim Publications,